Text: Shemot 27:20-21
20 “And you shall command the children of Israel that they bring you pure oil of pressed olives for the light, to cause the lamp/Menorah to burn continually. 21 In the tabernacle of meeting, outside the curtain which is over the Testimony, Aaron and his sons shall lay it out from evening until morning before the LORD. It shall be a statute forever to their generations on behalf of the children of Israel.”
- This Parashah opens with a commandment to bring oil for the lamp, while the building materials were voluntary contributions. Why do you think that this is by command but the building materials for the Tabernacle were brought on a voluntary basis?
- Most of the work in the Mishkan (Tabernacle) was done at daytime. Why, then, do you think that we are commanded to bring oil so that there will be light in the Mishkan at night?
- Why do you think that all the people, forever, are commanded to bring the oil, instead of just including it in general maintenance costs?
Commentary: Hizkuni Shemot 27:20
And you shall command—After He completed giving all the instructions for the building of the Mishkan (Tabernacle), He explained to him how to construct light in it. Similarly, we find in the Genesis story that after all the aspects of the Earth were made, God constructed light for it. But the main instruction of the Mitzvah [for lighting the Menorah in the Mishkan] will come only in Parashat Beha’alotcha (in the book of Bemidbar). So, what is meant here by “you shall command”?—for the future, when the Mishkan will be built and then they shall bring you oil.
They bring you—for your needs. So that you can see where you are going into and coming out of; and not for Me, for I do not need light. And there is proof of this: “outside the curtain which is over the Testimony” he shall lay it out. But earlier it says, “they shall take Me a contribution” (Shemot 25:2)—in My name, so it shall be for My name.
- According to Hizkuni why is the Mitzvah of bringing the oil not mentioned in the request for building materials in the beginning of the previous Parashah?
- Hizkuni see the order in the building of the Mishkan as mirroring that of the creation of the world. What does this idea teach us about the Mishkan? How does it frame what we are told regarding the creation of the world?
- How does the location of the lamp prove that it is for human, not Godly, need? How does Hizkuni understand God’s place in “they shall take Me a contribution”?
See more: Parashat Tetzaveh
Originally posted as part of the Conservative Yeshiva at the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center’s Torah Sparks. Support Torah learning from the Fuchsberg Jerusalem Center/Conservative Yeshiva for leaders and seekers around the world here